The World Intellectual Property Organization, WIPO, named Switzerland as the world’s most innovative country in 2019, as it topped the Global Innovation Index (GII), which measures innovation levels in 126 economies based on a range of criteria ranging from business development to educational spending and creative output.
Sweden, the United States, Netherlands and the United Kingdom came directly after Switzerland in the top ranking.
China emerged for the first time in the top 20 ranking in 2018, where it resumed its progress by booking the 14th place this year.
"The rise in the global innovation index by economic forces such as China and India has changed the geography of innovation and this reflects deliberate political action to encourage innovation," said WIPO Director-General Francis Carey.
GII 2019 is rated at 126 economies based on 80 indicators, from traditional measurements such as R&D investments, international patent and trademark applications, and even newer indicators, including mobile phone applications and high technology exports.
The lowest-ranked countries this year in the index were Niger (18.13), Burundi (17.65) and Yemen (14.49).